In Sweden, there are three organizations that manage economic rights in music in various ways: STIM, SAMI, and IFPI. But what exactly do they do, and why are they relevant to you?
STIM stands for Svenska Tonsättares Internationella Musikbyrå (Swedish Performing Rights Society) and is a non-profit membership organization. Their main mission is to provide compensation to music creators when it is played publicly. Thus, STIM members receives compensation when their music is played on radio, at a concert, or as background music in a store, for instance. The responsible party in these contexts pays a fee to STIM. After that, STIM distributes the compensation to the music creators and music publishers. In order to receive this type of compensation, you need to join STIM and register your songs.
Indeed, STIM is important for you as a songwriter. They manage your economic rights both in Sweden and internationally. In other words, they ensure that you get paid for your work.
SAMI, or Svenska Artisters och Musikers Intresseorganisation (Swedish Artists’ and Musicians’ Interest Organization), operates similarly to STIM. It collects compensation from venues that publicly play music, but the difference lies in the distribution of this compensation. SAMI ensures that everyone involved in a recording, not just the songwriters, receives a share of the compensation. Additionally, half of the collected compensation is directed to IFPI.
With 65 international agreements in place, SAMI provides the opportunity for musicians to receive compensation when their music is played abroad. Joining SAMI and registering recordings through their lists enable artists to benefit from these international agreements.
SAMI plays a crucial role in ensuring that musicians and vocalists who contribute to recordings, even if they are not the songwriters, receive fair payment for their work. This makes SAMI an essential organization for individuals involved in music production beyond songwriting.
The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, or IFPI, serves as an industry and rights organization for music companies. It primarily establishes licenses with various entities, such as TV and radio stations, to collect compensation. Half of this compensation is directed to SAMI, benefiting musicians, while the remaining portion is distributed by IFPI to the music companies holding the rights to the music.
To access compensation through IFPI, it is necessary to register your music company and the relevant recordings in IFPI’s rights database. This is particularly relevant for individuals managing record labels who seek payment for the use of the label’s recordings on platforms like TV, radio, and the internet.
Beyond its rights-related mission, IFPI contributes statistical data to the music industry and oversees the music prize Grammis.
We hope this article was helpful for you to learn more about what STIM, SAMI, and IFPI are. If you have further questions, please feel free to contact us! You can also read more about how royalties work.